The book of Lamentations is one of the five so-called “Major Prophets” and it is written to the people of the Southern Kingdom, Judah. According to tradition, the book was written by Jeremiah and it is a supplement to the book of Jeremiah. The book is a memorial dirge over the destruction of Jerusalem by the Chaldeans in 586 B.C. The five poems which make up this book are full of pathos and grief. The book is sad and mournful in its tone but it is replete with lessons for us today. Among other things, the book teaches us that judgment eventually falls upon men and nations when they persist in their disobedience to God and His will.